Type of beekeeping aimed at maximizing the effects of producing honey and other bee products. To this end, the selection of breeds and bee lines is made in terms of their efficiency and productivity. It is allowed here to use all pharmacological and chemical agents authorized by law to eliminate pathogenic hazards (like fungi, parasites, mites) in bee colonies, and above all, treatments are carried out, stimulating the development and productivity of bee colonies. The role of the beekeeper in this system is extremely important and decisive for the success of the apiary.
Beekeeping most often associated with ecological or natural beekeeping. The use of stimulants and medications is either eliminated or based on natural raw materials like herbs. Bees are mainly raised in a manner consistent with the biology of the species and the role of beekeeper is limited to the role of a host who receives honey and other benefits from bees on the assumption that bees need to be left with the necessary amount for life and development.
The method of raising bees in the hollows of trees made by man – this hollow is called a beehive. Wild beekeeping was common at times when the methods of beekeeping in apiaries was not known yet. Wild beekeeping is the whole beekeeping system, most often in the forest, where the role of a beekeeper is limited to the role of a farmer who only looks after and receives bee products – largely in line with the natural development of the bee colony. This is a method that best reflects the ideas of natural beekeeping, where the participation of a beekeeper in bee production is minimal.
A hole, an empty chamber in a tree that was created in a living tree most often due to fungi and was naturally settled by a bee family. Bees live in hollows without any human interference.
Wild beehive log
Part of the tree with a drilled hollow, a wood piece about 2 meters long, hung on a tree at an altitude of about 6 meters – just like a beehive in a living tree.
A hollow made by a beekeeper in a living tree to create a place for beekeeping using beehive methods
Biocenotic trees are trees that provide a food base for animals living in the forest. For bees, apidaes and other pollinators, the flowering phase provides nectar and pollen, and the fruits of these trees are a source of food for other animals. Biocenotic trees planted as part of the Bartnicy Sudetów Program are mainly lindens, maples, pears and apple trees.
Insects that contribute to pollination of plants. It is safe to say that without pollinators, people would not have food.